Present Simple

I play


How to form the Present Simple

The Present Simple - negative

The Present Simple - questions

The Present Simple - negative questions

 

How to form the Present Simple:

The present simple is formed with the subject + base form of the infinitive,

To form the third person of most verbs add -s          he likes

Verbs ending in ch, sh, s, ss, x, or z, add -es          she watches

Verbs ending in a consonant + y, remove the 'y' and add -ies          he studies

To form the third person of the verbs 'go' and 'do'  add -es

 

The Present Simple
Subject to like   Subject to watch   Subject to study   Subject to do
I like   I watch   I study   I do
You like   You watch   You study   You do
He likes   He watches   He studies   He does
She likes   She watches   She studies   She does
It likes   It watches   It studies   It does
We like   We watch   We study   We do
You like   You watch   You study   You do
They like   They watch   They study   They do

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Present Simple - negative:

I do not play / I don't play

To form the Present Simple negative use subject + auxiliary verb 'do' + not / don't + infinitve

For the third person Present Simple negative use the third person of the auxiliary verb 'do' + not (does not /doesn't)  + infinitve


The Present Simple - Negative
Subject Auxiliary 'do' + not
to like   Subject Auxiliary 'do' + not
to watch   Subject Auxiliary 'do' + not
to study
I

do not

don't

like   I

do not

don't

watch   I

do not

don't

study
You

do not

don't

like   You

do not

don't

watch   You

do not

don't

study
He

does not

doesn't

like   He

does not

doesn't

watch   He

does not

doesn't

study
She

does not

doesn't

like   She

does not

doesn't

watch   She

does not

doesn't

study
It

does not

doesn't

like   It

does not

doesn't

watch   It

does not

doesn't

study
We

do not

don't

like   We

do not

don't

watch   We

do not

don't

study
You

do not

don't

like   You

do not

don't

watch   You

do not

don't

study
They

do not

don't

like   They

do not

don't

watch   They

do not

don't

study

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Present Simple - Questions:

To make questions with the Present Simple use the auxiliary verb 'do' + subject + infinitve


The Present Simple - Questions
Auxiliary 'do'
Subject to like   Auxiliary 'do' Subject to watch   Auxiliary 'do'
Subject to study
Do I like....?   Do I watch....?   Do I study?
Do you like....?   Do you watch....?   Do you study?
Does he like....?   Does he watch....?   Does he study?
Does she like....?   Does she watch....?   Does she study?
Does it like....?   Does it watch....?   Does it study?
Do we like....?   Do we watch....?   Do we study?
Do you like....?   Do you watch....?   Do you study?
Do they like....?   Do they watch....?   Do they study?

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Present Simple - Negative Questions:

To make negative questions with the Present Simple use the auxiliary verb 'do' + not = don't/doesn't + subject + infinitve


The Present Simple - Negative Questions

Auxiliary

don't / doesn't

Subject to like  

Auxiliary

don't / doesn't

Subject to watch  

Auxiliary

don't / doesn't

Subject to study
Don't I like....?   Don't I watch....?   Don't I study?
Don't you like....?   Don't you watch....?   Don't you study?

Doesn't

he like....?   Doesn't he watch....?   Doesn't he study?
Doesn't she like....?   Doesn't she watch....?   Doesn't she study?
Doesn't it like....?   Doesn't it watch....?   Doesn't it study?
Don't we like....?   Don't we watch....?   Don't we study?
Don't you like....?   Don't you watch....?   Don't you study?
Don't they like....?   Don't they watch....?   Don't they study?

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